**Chi Square Analysis chi square test in spss interpretation interpretation of chi square test results in spss with Example Summary**

**If sig value > 0.05 then accept H**

_{0}**If sig value <= 0.05 then accept H**

_{1}**Assumptions**

· Sample
must be random and independently distributed

· Each
unit in the cell has the same probability being from a particular cell

· Each
observation may be categorized either into class 1 or class 2 etc

**Solution**

1. H

_{0}_{ }: Sample is independent
2. H

_{1}: There is association
3. Sig value: 0.05

__For simple category Analysis__

Check expected count if
any value is less than

**5 then use “Likehood/contingency table”****than pearson chi square method**
· If
2*2 then use

**risk and see phi**
· If
2*3, 2*4 then use

**contingency table**
· If
3*3, 4*4, 5*5 then use

**cramer-v**

__Kappa Applied__

**When use:**

· when

**rows and columns have same name**.
· use
for qualitative variable want to see index of agreement b/t observation

**Solution:**

· Click
on statistics “kappa”

· In
kappa column value tell (index of agreement)

· If
want to see sig value then see “Asymp std error” value.

**Nominal Data**

**When use:**

Category is not properly
defined e.g

· Over,
proper, under

· High
dose, recommended dose, low dose

If data is not in order
then see “Linear by Linear” in chi square table.

**Kandall-tau b test**

**When use**

To check one value is
decreasing & another value is increasing. For qualitative

**Solution:**

· Click
on “co-relation”

· Click
on “kandrall-tau-b”

· Check
kandrall value in table if value is

**(-ve)**mean one value is decreasing & another value is increasing**Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel**

**When use:**

· When
there is group like “city” etc

· Want
to group/pool element

· When
there is more than rows and column in table

**Solution**

· Enter
city column in pool

· Click
on Mental-haenszel in statistics

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